Kidney Tumor Symptoms
300,000 new kidney cancers are diagnosed every year in the world. Kidney cancer was previously known as an elderly disease and was generally seen in patients over the age of 65. Kidney tumor symptoms present with different symptoms. Today, thanks to the development of radiological diagnostic methods in the diagnosis of kidney tumors, patients are diagnosed at a younger age.
What are the Symptoms of Kidney Tumor?
Kidney cancer is usually diagnosed incidentally. The most common symptoms of kidney tumors are:
- Mass in the abdomen,
- Blood in urine,
- weight loss,
- It is abdominal pain.
Classic symptoms may not be seen in every patient. Kidney tumor disease is encountered incidentally in patients who undergo ultrasound / CT for any reason. In addition, high values in some blood tests may be among the symptoms of kidney tumor. These symptoms are:
- Sudden onset of hypertension,
- Deterioration of liver function tests,
- It occurs as an increase in the calcium level in the blood.
Why Does Kidney Cancer Occur?
It is not known exactly why kidney cancer occurs. However, there are some risk factors that cause the disease to occur. The most common kidney cancer risk factors are;
- To smoke,
- being overweight,
- Having hypertension disease,
- Having a previous history of kidney cancer in a first-degree relative or family,
- Dialysis patients with kidney failure,
- Non-congenital, acquired kidney cysts are also among the risk factors for kidney cancer.
Kidney Cancer Treatment
If a kidney tumor is detected, kidney cancer treatment is applied depending on the stage of the disease and its medical characteristics. The location of the tumor within the kidney, its size, degree, or whether it has spread to different organs affects the kidney cancer treatment process.
In small tumors, a surgical plan is applied in which the kidney is preserved and the tumor is removed. This application is performed laparoscopically or robotically. Surgical plans are made according to the location of larger tumors in the kidney. If the tumor is in the central area where vascularization is present, it may be preferable to remove the entire kidney.